Module Fmlib_std.Array

A thin wrapper around Stdlib.Array with additional functions and sets and maps based on arrays

Use Stdlib.Array in case you need functions which are not contained in this module. There are no problems using Fmlib_std.Array and Stdlib.Array, because both datatypes are identical.

Futhermore there are the modules Set and Map which implement finite sets and finite maps based on sorted arrays. For small sets and maps, the array based implementations are superior to tree based implementations like avl trees or red black trees, because they have a better cache behaviour.

Basic Array Functions

type 'a t = 'a array
val length : 'a t -> int

length arr The length of the array arr.

val valid_index : int -> 'a t -> bool

valid_index i arr Is i a valid index into the array arr?

val is_empty : 'a t -> bool

Is the array empty?

val has_some : 'a t -> bool

Does the array have at least one element?

val get : 'a t -> int -> 'a

get arr i The ith element of the array arr.

Precondition: 0 <= i && i < length [arr]

val first : 'a t -> 'a

first xs The first element of the array xs.

Precondition: has_some xs

val last : 'a t -> 'a

last xs The last element of the array xs.

Precondition: has_some xs

val set : 'a t -> int -> 'a -> unit

set arr i value Set the ith element of the array arr to value.

Precondition: 0 <= i && i < length [arr]

val make : int -> 'a -> 'a t

Same as Stdlib.Array.make

val init : int -> (int -> 'a) -> 'a t

Same as Stdlib.Array.init

val append : 'a t -> 'a t -> 'a t

append xs ys Concatenate the two arrays xs and ys.

val insert : int -> 'a -> 'a t -> 'a t

insert i x xs Insert the element x at position i into the array xs.

Make place by pushing up the elements i, i + 1, ... one position.

Precondition: 0 <= i && i <= length xs.

val replace : int -> 'a -> 'a t -> 'a t

replace i x xs Replace the ith element of xs by x.

Precondition. 0 <= i && i < length xs

val remove : int -> 'a t -> 'a t

remove i xs Remove the ith element from the array xs.

Precondition: 0 <= i && i < length xs.

val remove_first : 'a t -> 'a t

remove_first xs Remove the first element from the array xs.

Precondition: has_some xs

val remove_last : 'a t -> 'a t

remove_last xs Remove the last element from the array xs.

Precondition: has_some xs

val map : ('a -> 'b) -> 'a t -> 'b t

map f arr Create a new array by mapping all elements of the original array by the function f.

val fold_left : ('a -> 'b -> 'a) -> 'a -> 'b t -> 'a

fold_left f start arr

Fold the folding function f with start value start over the array arr.

Compute

(f (... (f (f start arr.(0)) arr.(1)) ...) arr.(n - 1)

where n = length arr.

val foldi_left : ('a -> int -> 'b -> 'a) -> 'a -> 'b t -> 'a

foldi_left f start arr

Like fold_left with the current index as an additional argument to the folding function.

val fold_right : ('b -> 'a -> 'a) -> 'b array -> 'a -> 'a

fold_right f arr start

Compute

f arr.(0) (f arr.(1) ( ... (f arr.(n - 1) start) ... ))

where n = length arr

val copy : 'a t -> 'a t

Make a copy of the array.

val sub : 'a t -> int -> int -> 'a t

sub arr start len The subarray of arr starting at start with lenght len.

Precondition: 0 <= start && start + len <= length arr

val blit : 'a t -> int -> 'a t -> int -> int -> unit

blit src src_pos dst dst_pos len

Copy len values from array src starting at src_pos to array dst starting at dst_pos.

val find : ('a -> bool) -> 'a t -> int option

find p arr

Find the element satisfying the predicate p in the array arr. Return None if no such element exists.

val for_all : ('a -> bool) -> 'a t -> bool

for_all p arr

Do all elements of the array arr satisfy the predicate p?

val exists : ('a -> bool) -> 'a t -> bool

exists p arr

Exists an element of the array arr which satisfies the predicate p?

val push : 'a -> 'a t -> 'a t

push a arr Push element a to the rear end of the array arr.

val push_front : 'a -> 'a t -> 'a t

push_front a arr Push element a to the front end of the array arr.

val to_list : 'a t -> 'a list

to_list arr Convert the array arr to a list with the same content.

val of_list : 'a list -> 'a array

of_list lst Convert the list lst to an array with the same content.

val binsearch : ('key -> 'key -> int) -> ('a -> 'key) -> 'key -> 'a t -> int * bool

binsearch compare key_of key arr

Search the position of key in arr. Assume that the array arr is sorted without duplicates. It returns the pair position, exact_flag with the meaning

exact_flag          =>      key = key_of arr.(position)

not exact_flag      =>      key < key_of arr.(position)

Corner case: position = length arr, exact_flg = false. This corresponds to a fictitious key of +infinity at the illegal position length arr.

The array arr consists of elements of type 'a. The function key_of extracts a key from an element of the array. The keys are compared using the comparison function compare with the usual meaning:

compare a b < 0 if and only if a < b

compare a b = 0 if and only if a = b

compare a b > 0 if and only if a > b

Sets and Maps based on arrays

module Set : functor (Key : Interfaces.SORTABLE) -> sig ... end

A set based on arrays

module Map : functor (Key : Interfaces.SORTABLE) -> sig ... end

A map based on arrays